Pluto is most definitely a planet — and should never have been downgraded, say some scientists

Gerard Kuiper

(CNN)Make Pluto great again?

The research, published in the scientific journal Icarus, says Pluto never should have been downgraded from a planet to a dwarf planet 12 years ago. Why? Because, the authors say, the rationale behind the decision wasn’t valid.
Let’s back up a bit, to 2006. That’s when the International Astronomical Union (IAU), the group that gets to name planetary bodies, established updated rules for what is and what isn’t a planet.
    International Astronomical Union
    Lars Lindberg Christensen
    NASA's New Horizons
    new horizons
    Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
    Working Group
    Gerard Kuiper
    Harvard
    Harvard-Smithsonian Center
    Icarus
    International Astronomical Union
    Lars Lindberg Christensen
    NASA's New Horizons
    new horizons
    Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
    Working Group
    Gerard Kuiper
    Harvard
    Harvard-Smithsonian Center
    Icarus
    International Astronomical Union
    Lars Lindberg Christensen
    NASA's New Horizons
    new horizons
    Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
    Working Group
    Gerard Kuiper
    Harvard
    Harvard-Smithsonian Center
    Icarus
    International Astronomical Union
    Lars Lindberg Christensen
    NASA's New Horizons
    new horizons
    Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
    Working Group
    Gerard Kuiper
    Harvard
    Harvard-Smithsonian Center
    Icarus

      New images of Pluto show mountains, but no craters

    And, Metzger also points out, the standard used to classify planets changed in the 1950s after astronomer Gerard Kuiper said what really determines what is and what isn’t a planet is how a celestial body is formed.
    Metzger goes a step further, saying a planet should be classified based on if it’s big enough that its gravity allows it to become a spherical shape, according to the school’s statement.
    “And that’s not just an arbitrary definition,” he said. “It turns out this is an important milestone in the evolution of a planetary body, because apparently when it happens, it initiates active geology in the body.”

    A debate reignited

    Pulling Pluto from the ranks of planets has always been a controversial decision.
    Back in 2014 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics jumped into the debate: What is a planet? It had some experts discuss the definition of a planet and then let the audience vote. No surprise; they voted that Pluto is a planet.
    International Astronomical Union

      Rivers and lakes on Pluto?

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    Metzger said the only planet more complex than Pluto is Earth. And we’ve learned so much more about Pluto after NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft flew past it in 2015. Thanks to New Horizons, we now know that Pluto has dunes made of solid methane ice, mountain peaks covered in methane snow and, possibly, an icy, underwater ocean.
    The AIU said there’s a clear way to bring up a motion with the group — “which is to propose an IAU Resolution through the relevant Working Group(s) and Division.”
    So far, however, no such resolutions have been proposed, said Lars Lindberg Christensen with the group.
      “It is nevertheless good and healthy to debate these topics,” Christensen said.
      Maybe, sometime soon, the debate will be settled — and we can all go back to talking about the nine-planet solar system we learned about in school.

      Original Article : HERE ; This post was curated & posted using : RealSpecific

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